Peach Blossom Girl Dueling Magic – Introduction


Copyright © 2010 – Jeff Loh. All rights reserved

24 November 2010

Inside the cover was the title, ‘Illustrated Tale of Ying Yang Conflict’.  On the left and right columns are illustrations of ‘Lord Chou – The Great Diviner’ and ‘Peach Blossom Girl Countering the Soul Crushing Charm’.  This story was handed through the ages in block printed editions.  The earliest known publication was printed in the 28th year of Emperor Dao Guang of the Ching Dynasty (1848) by the Hall of United Benefits when it was titled as “The Peach Girl Ying Yang Conflict Saga”.  In addition, in the same year, another publication came from the Hall of Orange Osmanthus and a newer edition in the 5th year of Emperor Tung Chih (1866).  This edition is very similar to the one from Hall of United Benefits but with a preface from Qui Ri Xiu who compiled it in the city of Xi Chang.  Qui Ri Xiu came from Xinjiang of the Jiang Xi Prefecture.  He was the number one scholar in the 4th year of Emperor Chien Lung (1739).   His highest official office reached was the Secretariat of the Works Department.

Other publications from the Emperor Kwang Hsu era (1800s) cane from the Shanghai and Shang Yang book companies.  The university library of Nankai has a hand copied edition of Chu Ren Xun from Tianjin, entitled, “Dueling Ying Yang”.  Yuan Wang Wah wrote a play based on the story and called it “Peach Blossom Girl Countering Spells From Lord Chou”.  It describes how a fortune-teller from Loyang, named Chou Kung (Kung – meaning lord or male, or in some versions, a different character meaning ‘respect’ was used) mastered the divinations of Ying and Yang and were so highly accurate that they were never wrong in predictions of good and bad fortunes.  One day he predicted that the son Shi Liu Chu of old lady Shi was to die at midnight while on a business trip.  Peach Blossom Girl heard of this predication and taught him a way out.  Chou was angry and proposed marriage to make Peach Blossom Girl his daughter-in-law as an excuse to rid of her during the wedding procession but his machinations were foiled by her.  They dueled a few more times but in the end it was Chou who was killed instead and had to admit his powers were inferior.  The novel is more accurate in depicting the period when the story took place with more colorful descriptions feats of magic.  The name of the book, “Ying Yang Duel” is to point out when chaos ensue, Ying and Yang are in conflict.  The moral of the tale stresses the importance of Ying and Yang in harmony, that Ying and Yang are merely different aspects of the same thing.

Contents

Tale of Peach Blossom Girl Ying Yang Conflict

Chapter 01 – In Mount Wandering Demons, the Buddhist Monk Blade transforms. A Virtuous Gentleman Hides in Morning Song to become a fortune-teller.

Chapter 02 – Nary A Flaw In His Miraculous Predictions, In Reckoning Heaven’s Schedule of Life and Death.

Chapter 03 – In Angering Heaven, A Girl Was Reincarnated, In Understanding The Way, A Beauty Reveals Secrets of Heaven.

Chapter 04 – Old Lady Shi Pleads To Save Her Only Son, Beauty Ren Uses Her Magical Skills.

Chapter 05 – A Way Out Sent From Afar, A Filial Son Escapes Calamity, Relying On Magical Arts, A Loving Mother Reunites With Her Son.

Chapter 06 – With Refunded Divination Fees, Mother and Son Give Thanks. A Faulty Divination, Master and Servant In Detailed Discussion.

Chapter 07 – Testing Divination Trigrams, Fateful News Arrives. Seeking Special Help, A Death Sentence Reprieved.

Chapter 08 – Old Mrs. Shi Leaks the Source Of Rescue, Peach Blossom Divulges A Divine Incantation.

Chapter 09 – While saving himself, Pang Jiang gains longevity, Lord Chou seething in anger as his prediction was broken.

Chapter 10 – Treachery Hidden In A Sham Marriage, A Trap Sprung To Force A Marriage.

Chapter 11 – Requesting Dowry Articles For A Vexing Marriage, Seeking Demonic Gods For An Evil Scheme.

Chapter 12 – To free from a trap, know its mechanism, To know the future, understand first its mysterious principles.

Chapter 13 – No bias When Orthodox and Unorthodox Gods Battle, The Genuine Triumphs Over the Fake, Yin and Yang Always Accurate

Chapter 14 – Peach Blossom Girl Uses Magic To Break Magic, Lord Chou Harming Others In Turn Harms Himself.

Chapter 15 – Peach Girl Thrice Foils The Great Dipper’s Power, Chou Chien Once More Lays A Demon Quelling Formation.

Chapter 16 – In The Battle Of Wits, Blurry Is The Demarcation As Ying And Yang Fights. Finally In Enlightenment, Two Saints Return To Their Proper Places.

Original Text

桃花女陰陽鬥傳

內封題“繡像陰陽鬥法傳”,左右欄分題“周公擅卜神通卦”、“桃花女破解壓魂符”。此書傳世刻本均為坊刻,最早為道光二十八年(1848)聯益堂刊,內封題“桃女陰陽鬥傳”。此外,有道光二十八年丹桂堂刻本、同治五年(1866)新刻本。刻本大致相同,惟聯益堂本多了裘日修序,署“西昌裘日修撰”。裘日修乾隆四年(1739)進士,為江西新建人,官至工部尚書。刻本外,尚有光緒年間上海書局、上洋書局石印本。南開大學圖書館藏有津門儲仁遜抄本,題名《陰陽鬥》。元王曄作《桃花女破法嫁周公雜劇》,敘洛陽賣卦人周公(一作週恭),陰陽有準、禍福無差。一日,算定石婆婆外出經商之子石留住,該當夜三更前後身死,桃花女聞之,教以解禳之法,卒使石留住倖免於難。周公女疾之,乃聘桃花女為媳,又在迎親途中用法術要害她的性命,為桃花女所破。兩人幾經鬥法,周公害人不成,反險些害了自己,只得低頭認輸。小說較之雜劇,既坐實了它的時代背景,復增加了神話色彩。書名《陰陽鬥》是為“陰陽背戾,安得不鬥”,大旨在宣揚“陰陽和合”、“本性相同而已”。

目錄

桃花女陰陽鬥傳/序
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第一迴盪魔山戒刀成形隱朝歌賢士賣卜
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第二回通神卜判斷無差驗先天死生有數
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第三回觸天怒柔物降生明道術佳人透機
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第四回石婆子求救孤兒任佳人教施異術
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第五回傳解法孝子離災依妙術慈母會子
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第六回還卦資母子酬恩疑筮術主僕推詳
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第七回試卜爻偶得凶信特求救別有生機
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第八回石婆子道漏救機桃花女洩傳神咒
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第九回求搭救彭剪添壽憤破卦周乾生嗔
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十回騙親事欺瞞詐就誤中計強逼聯成
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十一回惱婚姻需索聘物請凶煞中毒施謀
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十二回明陷阱顧圖解脫知後事先洩玄機
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十三回邪鬥正神聖無私真贏假陰陽有準
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十四回桃花女以法破法周公爺圖害被害
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十五回桃花三解天罡法周乾再布壓魔謀
桃花女陰陽鬥傳/第十六回困名疆陰陽鬥智識本來二聖還原

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